Policy Update

Clean Air Zone Proposals Update

There are four grades of charging Clean Air Zones (CAZ) that local authorities can consider implementing, as set out in the Government’s national framework.

Class A

Has the fewest restrictions, and only charges buses, coaches, taxis and private hire vehicles. Minimum standards required for compliance are listed below:

Vehicle Type Compliance Standards
Buses Euro VI
Coaches Euro VI
Taxis Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
Private hire vehicles Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)

Class B

Charges HGVs in addition to the vehicles listed for Class A. Minimum standards required for compliance are listed below:

Vehicle Type Compliance Standards
Buses Euro VI
Coaches Euro VI
Taxis Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
Private hire vehicles Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
HGVs Euro VI

Class C

Charges LGVs in addition to all those listed for Class B. Minimum standards required for compliance are listed below:

Vehicle Type Compliance Standards
Buses Euro VI
Coaches Euro VI
Taxis

Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)

Private hire vehicles Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
LCVs Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
HGVs Euro VI

Class D

Charges cars in addition to all those listed for Class C. Minimum standards required for compliance are listed below:

Vehicle type Compliance Standards
Buses Euro VI
Coaches Euro VI
Taxis Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
Private hire vehicles Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
LCVs Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
HGVs Euro VI
Cars Euro 6 (diesel) Euro 4 (petrol)
Motorcyckes and mopeds (optional) Euro 3

There are three distinct groupings of local authorities considering a variety of air quality improvement measures potentially including Clean Air Zones (CAZ).

Stage 1: The first five

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) has asked five cities which are currently not compliant with EU emissions standards to consider implementing CAZs in their respective city centres in 2020. These cities are Leeds, Birmingham, Nottingham, Derby, and Southampton. Following consultation with residents and stakeholders (including the BVRLA), the cities will submit final plans to Defra by 15th September 2018.

Current proposed levels of daily charging are as follows:

  Class Buses/Coaches Taxis/PHVs HGVs VAns Cars
Birmingham D £50-£100 £12.50 £50-£100 £12.50 £6-£12.150
Southamtpon B £100 £12.50 £100 No charge No charge
Leeds B £50 £12.50* £50 No charge No charge
Nottingham No CAZ          
Derby No CAZ          

*Or £50 per week for Leeds' licensed drivers of taxis and private hire vehicles.

Stage 2: The second round of 23

The Government is asking a further 23 councils in England to produce Local Action Plans to tackle hot spots of severe air pollution in their area. Final outlines of plans are due by 31st December 2018. The 23 local authorities are:

• Basildon Borough Council
• Bath and North East Somerset Council
• Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council
• Bristol City Council
• Bury Metropolitan Borough Council
• Coventry City Council
• Fareham Borough Council
• Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council
• Guildford Borough Council
• Manchester City Council
• Middlesbrough Borough Council
• New Forest District Council
• Newcastle City Council
• North Tyneside Council
• Rochford District Council
• Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council
• Rushmoor Borough Council
• Salford City Council
• Sheffield City Council
• Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council
• Surrey Heath Borough Council
• Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council
• Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council

Stage 3: The further 33

In addition to the original five cities and the extra 23 listed above, the Government, following a legal ruling in 2018, have now also requested plans to tackle illegal levels of air pollution in a further 33 local authority areas. Councils had until 31st July 2018 to submit proposals and a final supplementary plan for these additional areas is due by 5th October. These 33 areas are listed below:

• Ashfield District Council
• Basingstoke and Deane Borough Council
• Blaby District Council
• Bolsover District Council
• Bournemouth Borough Council
• City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council
• Broxbourne Borough Council
• Burnley Borough Council
• Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council
• Cheltenham Borough Council
• Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council
• Kirklees Council
• Leicester City Council
• Liverpool City Council
• Newcastle-under-Lyme Borough Council
• Oldham Council
• Oxford City Council
• Peterborough City Council
• Plymouth City Council
• Poole Borough Council
• Portsmouth City Council
• Reading Borough Council
• Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council
• Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council
• Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council
• South Gloucestershire Council
• South Tyneside Council
• Southend-on-Sea Borough Council
• Stoke-on-Trent City Council
• Sunderland City Council
• Wakefield Metropolitan Borough Council
• Walsall Council
• City of Wolverhampton Council